The potential of the Internet of Things is immense as it has made a distinct presence in a wide-range of industries. However, the IoT is an advanced form of a traditional concept commonly known to us as Machine to Machine (M2M) technology. The technology has lasted for more than a century and is used by many industries.
The exponential growth of M2M has offered numerous possibilities for new and innovative technologies including the Internet of Things. M2M kicked off with telemetry in the early 1800s. Over the years, the M2M technology has grown by leaps and bounds and transformed itself into the IoT of today.
When it all begun: Telemetry (1845 to 1990s)
The invention of telemartics goes way back to 1845. Russian Army discovered this technology to tranmit data from one device to other. This was the simpleset form of wired communication. It was followed by a two-way communication radio invented in early 1900. After that, telemetry was invented in multiple forms including telephone lines, weather ballons and aerospace telemetry in the mid 90s. Then, IBM introduced the first main frame computer to the world in 1973s – IBM 3650 and 3660.
The M2M technology was revealed with the introduction of GSM connectivity by Siemens in 1995. Until 1997, the wireless connectivity was available in full scale and numerous applications were introduced that used this technology including telemedicine and vending machines. Machine-to- machine solutions then made a robust presence across multiple introduce including manufacturing, healthcare, transportation, and more. Evolution of M2M technology saw significant growth until 2010, then the IoT was introduced to the world.
Internet of Things (2010 to present)
The recent innovation in the tech world has helped M2M a brand new recognition – The Internet of Things (IoT).Today, the IoT reigns different industries, and businesses are capitalizing its features to explore new possibilities. In 2012, cloud computing was adopted by a majority of businesses, which has empowered today’s advanced solutions. In 2013 and 2014, an assortment of connected devices that operated with chips and sensors were introduced. In recent years IoT has offered new innovations like connected cars, smart homes and cities, automated lights, and other sensor based IoT devices. Now IT giants such as Apple, Google, and Microsoft are showing keen attention to the IoT. It’s easy to assume that the future of IoT looks very bright.
The IoT system will soon cover 40% of the total generated data until 2020. And, the global amount of IoT devices will amount to $50 billion, which is a massive achievement for technical world.